We interact with multiple devices like mobile, desktop/laptop, tablet, etc. and come across huge amounts of web content every day. All these devices vary in resolution and screen size and each of these should render web pages correctly on all screen sizes.
The primary focus of Responsive Web Design (RWD) is to cater a consistent browsing experience to its users no matter what device is being used. It aims to provide the seamless experience of scrolling, browsing, and navigating regardless of screen sizes.
But how do we achieve this?
Responsive design gives you the flexibility to beautifully display web content on different screen sizes. While performing responsive web testing, your main focus is on the layout and appearance of the web application you are testing. The web application should render the page correctly in all resolutions the user uses. But the problem, is how to test this?
The number of devices at our disposal has grown astronomically. This is great for the user, but a nightmare to designers and testers. These amazing testing tools effectively ensure that websites are optimized for all devices.
Responsive testing is done in two different ways:
Browser-based tool: An example is Viewport Resize, a browser-based tool that checks the responsiveness of your website by changing the viewport based on device size and resolution.
Stand-alone tool/app: Here you need to enter your device URL to find the responsiveness of the web content in your device.
Does the page load properly? Surprised? Don't be. Sometimes, when you test the responsiveness of your page on different screen sizes, you would find the page doesn’t load properly on some device.
Attractive user interaction? Not all web pages are responsive in nature. This brings down the beauty of the page when you are on various devices. Make sure your websites are responsive for amazing user interaction.
Is it optimized for other devices as well? Responsive testing ensures that web content is responsive on all the screen sizes. Keep a note of this.
Is the tappable area suitable and responsive? There’s nothing more irritating than tapping the tappable area or clicking on hyperlinks and nothing happens. Target this aspect and make sure the device responds accordingly.
Does the text remain aligned on all types of devices? You may need to mark certain text elements differently across devices.
How do the font size and type respond on other devices? Fonts bring a whole new world of problems. Make sure every word is easily readable on all devices.
What is the image placement and size? This is the most common problem encountered when you go from one screen size to another if the application is not responsive. Make sure all images are rendered properly and do not overlap with the text regardless of screen sizes.
Is navigation easy? Navigating is an easy task if the web page adjusts itself to the screen size; otherwise, it can be quite frustrating if the device is not well optimized.